Compress & Extract a Folder Leave a comment

Compress a folder with tar.gz

tar czf backups/20191010-111100.tar.gz public_html

# Or create date dynamic

tar czf backups/$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M%S).tar.gz public_html

c: Creates a new .tar archive file
z: Filter archive through gzip
f: File name type of the archive file

Compress a folder with tar.bz2

tar -cvjSf backups/backup_20191110.tar.bz2 public_html

c: Creates a new .tar archive file
v: Show the .tar file progress
j: Filter archive with bzip2
S: Handle sparse files efficiently
f: File name type of the archive file

Compress a folder with zip

zip -r backups/files_backup_20191010.zip public_html

Possible to zip with password:

zip -er backups/files_backup_20191010.zip public_html

e : enables encryption for your zip file.

Extract tar.gz file:

tar -xvzf 20191010-111100.tar.gz 

x: Extract a archive file
v: Show the .tar file progress
z: Filter archive through gzip
f : Archive filename

Extract tar.bz2 file:

tar -xvjf backup_20191110.tar.bz2
# With destination folder
tar -xvjf backup_20191110.tar.bz2 -C /target/directory/

Unzip the zip file:

unzip files_backup_20191010.zip
#or
unzip files_backup_20191010.zip -d destination_folder

Notice: On the command line, it’s possible to use help commands to see available commands and simply use it.

Examples: “tar –help”, “zip –help”, “unzip –help”

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